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Sex & Relationships Education

The Governing Body of Appletree Gardens First School has agreed that:

 “Education and sexual matters will be given in a suitable context and according the National Curriculum as outlined in the following Aims.  
We aim to complement parents as key figures in helping their children cope with the physical and emotional aspects of growing up.”



Aims of Sex & Relationship Education


To help parents/carers understand the nature of sex education at first school level, and recognise that they are the key people in teaching their children about sex and relationships.
  • Stress the value of ‘family’ life’ without the promotion of any particular family structure, stressing the important values of love, respect and care for each other.
  • To generate an atmosphere where questions about reproduction can be asked and answered without embarrassment on either side.
  • To reassure children, when appropriate, that body changes, physical, emotional and social, are normal and acceptable, and give help in adjusting to these changes by advising/ supporting families.
  • To help children understand what is appropriate and inappropriate touching- involving outside agencies if necessary (eg. Public Health Nurse)
  • To learn how to assess risks and to develop strategies for keeping safe.
  • To discourage the use of inappropriate sexual language imitations copied from sources including ‘social’ media. 
  • To be aware of equal opportunities across gender and culture.
  • To provide a safe and secure, environment, reassuring for all children, with adults who will listen to them. 
  • To help children develop critical thinking as part of decision making  exploring , considering and understanding moral dilemmas.
  • To follow the National Curriculum for Science – Life Processes and Living Things – to an appropriate level.



Sex and Relationship education in the Science National Curriculum

Foundation Stage – elements across the EYFS Profile, including PSD

KS1 Life Processes and Living Things

  • That animals, including humans, move, feed, grow, use their senses and reproduce.
  • To name the main external parts e.g. hand, elbow, knee of the human body
  • That humans can produce babies and these babies grow into children then into adults
  • Caring for living things plants, animals including humans.

KS2 Life Processes and Living Things 

  • That there are life processes, including nutrition, movement, growth and reproduction common to animals.
  • That there are life processes, including growth, nutrition and reproduction common to plants.
  • The main stages of the human life cycle

Psychological aspects of Health Education


KS1
  • Understand the importance of valuing oneself and others
  • Begin to recognise the range of human emotions and ways to deal with these
  • Begin to be able to co-operate with others in work and play
KS2
  • Understand the meaning of friendship and loyalty and begin to develop skills needed to form relationships.
  • Encourage respect for one another.